Following previous “Management Column”, I try to explain the concept of “EDV”, which is related to PBR (Plant Breeders Right).
“EDV” is abbreviation of “Essentially Derived Variety”, which is the word meaning of individual (s) obtained from natural mutation, artificial mutation, and GMO (Genetically Modified Organization) etc.
Normally, what you can see between EVD individual and host varieties are
- Basic phonotypical genetic background and characteristics seems to be equal
- Except the fact that one agricultural character is different each other
And what is important is there is a rule that any “EDV right” belongs to the original variety (mother variety, host variety).
Please let me take an example.
There is a famous and well-known “paddy rice” variety in warm area, that is, “HINOHIKARI”.
Variety “HINOHIKARI” was developed by National Agriculture Research Center in Kyushu.
Then if you may find out any natural mutation individual “A” from the population “HINOHIKARI”, automatically any breeding right of “A” belongs to “HINOHIKARI”.
We call it “The rule of “
The same rule shall be applied if you can obtain GMO individual “B” from the variety “HINOHIKARI”.
If you fallow this “Rule of”
Any natural mutation individual found in growers greenhouses shall belongs to the breeding company who has PBR of this variety.
You have to explain the “Rule” to this “Founder” in detail.
On the other hand, it is strongly believed that any “Founder” shall be rewarded.
Then, you can make proposal on “Founder Fee” payable to the “Founder”, separately from breeding right.
With Best Regards,